Top 10 similar words or synonyms for defects

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fractures    0.995518

neurology    0.995394

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medication    0.995014

ankle    0.994864

aqueous    0.994516

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consumption    0.994135

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Top 30 analogous words or synonyms for defects

Article Example
बाल्यशल्यचिकित्सा Pediatric surgery arose in the middle of the २०th century as the surgical care of birth defects required novel techniques र methods र became more commonly based at children's hospitals. One of the sites of this innovation was Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. Beginning in the १९४०s under the surgical leadershp of C. Everett Koop, newer techniques for endotracheal anesthesia of infants allowed surgical repair of previously untreatable birth defects. By the late १९७०s, the infant death rate from several major congenital malformation syndromes had been reduced to near zero.
प्लास्टिक शल्यक्रिया Common reconstructive surgeries are: breast reconstruction for women who have had a mastectomy, cleft lip र palate surgery, contracture surgery for burn survivors, र closing skin र mucosa defects after removal of tumors in the head र neck region. Sex reassignment surgery for transsexual people is another example of reconstructive surgery.
डर्‍म्याटोलोजी Cosmetic dermatology has long been an important part of the field, र dermatologists have been the primary innovators in this area. In the १९००'s dermatologists employed dermabrasion to improve acne scarring र fat microtransfer was used to fill in cutaneous defects. More recently, dermatologists have been the driving force behind the development र safe र effective employment of lasers, new dermal filling agents (collagen र hyaluronic acid), botulinum toxin ("Botox"), nonablative laser rejuvenation procedures, intense pulsed light systems, photodynamic therapy, र chemical peeling.
मुख तथा अनुहार शल्यचिकित्सा Oral र Maxillofacial Surgery is surgery to correct a wide spectrum of diseases, injuries र defects in the head, neck, face, jaws र the hard र soft tissues of the oral र maxillofacial region. It is a recognized international medical specialty, which requires a minimum length of formation of ५ years for a basic medical training र ४ years for a basic medical र dental training, in the European Union. In the U.S.A. र Canada it is one of the ९ dental specialties recognized by the American Dental Association र the Royal College of Dentists of Canada.
प्लास्टिक शल्यक्रिया Cosmetic surgery is a very popular avenue for personal enhancement, as demonstrated by the ११.९ million cosmetic procedures performed in the U.S. alone in 2004. As for any operation, cosmetic procedures involve risk, र should therefore not be undertaken lightly. Within the US, critics of plastic surgery note that it is legal for any doctor, regardless of speciality, to perform "cosmetic surgery", but not "plastic surgery". It is thus important to distinguish the terms "plastic surgery" र "cosmetic surgery": Plastic Surgery is recognized by the American Board of Medical Specialties (the only official entity overseeing physician certification in the United States) as the subspecialty dedicated to the surgical repair of defects of form or function—this includes cosmetic (or aesthetic) surgery, as well as reconstructive surgery. The term "cosmetic surgery" however, simply refers to surgery that is designed to improve cosmetics, or appearance. (One could argue that reconstructive surgery always has some cosmetic aspect to it, because form र function are often both important in plastic surgery repairs.) Thus there is no real art of "cosmetic surgery": it is a catch-all commercial phrase that laypeople understand easily र non-plastic surgeons eagerly use because they are not allowed to use the term "plastic surgery".