Top 10 similar words or synonyms for totonacan

zoquean    0.877536

mixtecan    0.847579

popolocan    0.841637

nahuan    0.838686

otomanguean    0.832689

chibchan    0.822528

mazatecan    0.822446

tanoan    0.819584

misumalpan    0.815210

zapotecan    0.814597

Top 30 analogous words or synonyms for totonacan

Article Example
Totonacan languages This classification is the basis of the latest version of the ISO language codes for Totonacan, although some of these classifications are disputed.
Totonacan languages All Totonacan languages have at least one causative morpheme, a prefix "ma:-" :
Totonacan languages All the languages of the family have a comitative construction in which both an actor and a co-actor of a verb are specified . For instance, in Huehuetla Tepehua a verb such as "tamakahuːn" 'stay, be in a place' is intransitive but can take a comitative prefix to form a verb "ta̰ːtamakahuːn" meaning 'stay with someone', someone being the co-actor:
Totonacan languages In some of the languages, the instrumental can also be used for the expression of motives:
Totonacan languages Numerals in Totonacan languages are bound roots that require a classificatory prefix which changes based on the type, shape or measure of object being counted. This is illustrated for one of the languages Upper Necaxa Totonac in the table below :
Totonacan languages Comparative as well as language-internal evidence suggests that the pattern of consonantal alternations may have their origins in affixes indicating grade—"s-" ‘diminutive‘, "š-" ‘medium’, "ɬ-" ‘augmentative’) (see ; ; ). In general, the productivity of the sound-symbolic alternations is highly variable within and across languages of the family, and many languages preserve for a given stem only one of a set of two or three alternates that can be reconstructed for proto-Totonacan .
Totonacan languages Coyutla Totonac is grouped with South Central Totonac by INALI while Tecpatlán Totonac is included in the North Central Totonac group. Other recent attempts at classification have suggested that some of these divisions, particularly North Central, Costal, and South Central, and are far too broad and include varieties that might also be classified as separate languages (; ; ).
Totonacan languages Tepehua has lost the phonemic laryngealization of vowels and has ejective stops where Totonac has creaky vowels preceded by stops . Some Totonac languages have five-vowel systems, having developed /e/ and /o/ phonemes, whereas in others /e/ and /o/ are clearly allomorphs of /i/ and /u/, respectively, conditioned by proximity to uvular stops or fricatives.
Totonacan languages The third applicative prefix that is shared across the family is analyzed in most of the languages as an instrumental applicative and is used to add an object used as an instrument or a means to a clause:
Totonacan languages Possessive constructions in Totonacan languages are marked on the possessed noun rather than on the possessor noun: