Top 10 similar words or synonyms for proto_semitic

labiovelars    0.810884

proto_uralic    0.800566

proto_austronesian    0.798001

consonantal    0.784070

proto_afroasiatic    0.781337

proto_altaic    0.777571

tocharian    0.777136

laryngeals    0.772411

proto_slavic    0.771399

balto_slavic    0.771201

Top 30 analogous words or synonyms for proto_semitic

Article Example
Proto-Semitic language In modern Semitic languages, emphatics are variously realized as pharyngealized (Arabic, Aramaic, Tiberian Hebrew: e.g. ), glottalized (Ethiopian Semitic languages, Modern South Arabian languages: e.g. ), or as unaspirated (Turoyo of Tur-Abdin: e.g. ); Ashkenazi Hebrew and Maltese are exceptions to this general retention, with all emphatics merging into plain consonants under the influence of Indo-European languages (Italian/Sicilian in Maltese, German/Yiddish in Hebrew).
Proto-Semitic language An emphatic labial occurs in some Semitic languages but it is unclear whether it was a phoneme in Proto-Semitic.
Proto-Semitic language Affricates in PS were proposed early on but the idea only seems to have met wider acceptance since the work of Alice Faber (1981) challenging the older approach. The Semitic languages that have survived to the modern day often have fricatives for these consonants. However, Ethiopic languages and Modern Hebrew (in many reading traditions) have an affricate for .
Proto-Semitic language Evidence for the affricate nature of the non-sibilants is mostly based on internal considerations. Ejective fricatives are quite rare cross-linguistically, and when a language has such sounds, it nearly always has . Hence if was actually affricate , it would be extremely unusual if were fricative rather than affricate . According to Rodinson (1981) and Weninger (1998), the Greek place-name "Mátlia" with "tl" used to render Ge'ez "ḍ" (Proto-Semitic "*ṣ́") is "clear proof" that this sound was affricated in Ge'ez and thus quite possibly in Proto-Semitic as well.
Proto-Semitic language "See table at Proto-Afroasiatic language#Consonant correspondences."
Proto-Semitic language The previously popular Arabian "Urheimat" hypothesis has been largely abandoned since the region could not have supported massive waves of emigration before the domestication of camels in the second millennium BC.
Proto-Semitic language Some geneticists and archaeologists have argued for a back migration of proto-Afroasiatic speakers from Southwestern Asia to Africa as early as 10,000 BC. The Natufians might have spoken a proto-Afroasiatic language just prior to its disintegration into sub-languages. The hypothesis is supported by the Afroasiatic terms for early livestock and crops in both Anatolia and Iran. Recent Bayesian analysis identified an origin for Proto-Semitic language in the Levant around 3750 BC, with a later single introduction from what is now Southern Arabia into the Horn of Africa (Ethiopia) around 800 BC.
Proto-Semitic language The reconstruction of Proto-Semitic (PS) was originally based primarily on the Arabic language, whose phonology and morphology (particularly in Classical Arabic) is extremely conservative, and which preserves as contrastive 28 out of the evident 29 consonantal phonemes. Thus, the phonemic inventory of reconstructed Proto-Semitic is very similar to that of Arabic, with only one phoneme fewer in Arabic than in reconstructed Proto-Semitic.
Proto-Semitic language The sounds notated here as "emphatic" sounds occur in nearly all Semitic languages, as well as in most other Afroasiatic languages, and are generally reconstructed as glottalized in Proto-Semitic. Thus, *ṭ for example represents . (See below for the fricatives/affricates).
Proto-Semitic language The traditional view as expressed in the conventional transcription and still maintained by one part of the authors in the field is that was a Voiceless postalveolar fricative (), was a voiceless alveolar sibilant () and was a voiceless alveolar lateral fricative (). Accordingly, is seen as an emphatic version of (); as a voiced version of it (); and as an emphatic version of (). The reconstruction of as lateral fricatives (or affricates) is not in doubt, despite the fact that few modern languages preserve these sounds. The pronunciation of as is still maintained in the Modern South Arabian languages (e.g. Mehri), and evidence of a former lateral pronunciation is evident in a number of other languages. For example, Biblical Hebrew "baśam" was borrowed into Ancient Greek as "balsamon" (hence English "balsam"), and the 8th-century Arab grammarian Sībawayh explicitly described the Arabic descendant of (now pronounced in standard pronunciation or in bedouin-influenced dialects) as a pharyngealized voiced lateral fricative .