Top 10 similar words or synonyms for proto_austronesian

proto_oceanic    0.870076

proto_malayo_polynesian    0.855846

proto_mayan    0.800819

proto_semitic    0.798001

proto_polynesian    0.797737

proto_hlai    0.795704

reconstructed_proto    0.792086

proto_uralic    0.790194

proto_athabaskan    0.781752

laryngeals    0.778028

Top 30 analogous words or synonyms for proto_austronesian

Article Example
Proto-Austronesian language The major disagreement concerns the system of coronal consonants. The following discussion is based on Ross 1992.
Proto-Austronesian language Unusual sound changes that occurred within the Austronesian language family are:
Proto-Austronesian language Currently, the most complete reconstruction of the Proto-Austronesian case marker system is offered by Malcolm Ross. The reconstructed case markers are as follows:
Proto-Austronesian language In 2006, Malcolm Ross also proposed seven different pronominal categories for persons. The categories are listed below, with the Proto-Austronesian first person singular ("I") given as examples.
Proto-Austronesian language Proto-Malayo-Polynesian also has several words for house:
Proto-Austronesian language The Proto-Austronesian language (PAN) is the reconstructed ancestor of the Austronesian languages, one of the world's major language families. However, Ross (2009) notes that what may be the most divergent languages, Tsou, Rukai, and Puyuma, are not addressed by the reconstructions, which therefore cannot claim to be the protolanguage of the entire family. He calls the unit which has been reconstructed Nuclear Austronesian. Lower-level reconstructions have also been made, and include Proto-Malayo-Polynesian, Proto-Oceanic, and Proto-Polynesian. Recently, linguists such as Malcolm Ross and Andrew Pawley have built large lexicons for Proto-Oceanic and Proto-Polynesian.
Proto-Austronesian language Proto-Austronesian is reconstructed by constructing sets of correspondences among consonants in the various Austronesian languages, according to the comparative method. Although in theory the result should be unambiguous, in practice given the large number of languages there are numerous disagreements, with various scholars differing significantly on the number and nature of the phonemes in Proto-Austronesian. In the past, some disagreements concerned whether certain correspondence sets were real or represent sporadic developments in particular languages. For the currently remaining disagreements, however, scholars generally accept the validity of the correspondence sets but disagree on the extent to which the distinctions in these sets can be projected back to proto-Austronesian or represent innovations in particular sets of daughter languages.
Proto-Austronesian language In 2010, John Wolff published his Proto-Austronesian reconstruction in "Proto-Austronesian phonology with glossary". Wolff reconstructs a total of 19 consonants, 4 vowels (*i, *u, *a, *e, where *e = /ə/), 4 diphthongs (*ay, *aw, *iw, *uy), and syllabic stress.
Proto-Austronesian language Tsuchida, building on Dyen's system, further split d into D D D D. He also believed that Dyen's c (Dempwolff's k') could not be reconstructed for Proto-Austronesian. (In addition, he split Dyen's w into w W and q into q Q, which were not accepted by later scholars.)
Proto-Austronesian language As Proto-Austronesian transitioned to Proto-Malayo-Polynesian, Proto-Oceanic, and Proto-Polynesian, the phonemic inventories were continually reduced by merging formerly distinct sounds into one sound. Three mergers were observed in the Proto-Austronesian to Proto-Malayo-Polynesian transition, while nine were observed for the Proto-Oceanic to Proto-Polynesian transition. Thus, Proto-Austronesian has the most elaborate sound system, while Proto-Polynesian has the fewest phonemes. For instance, the Hawaiian language is famous for having only eight consonants, while Māori has only ten consonants. This is a sharp reduction from the 25 consonants of the Proto-Austronesian language that was originally spoken in Taiwan or possibly South China.