Top 10 similar words or synonyms for pleocytosis

hematuria    0.664923

leucocytosis    0.660490

effusions    0.654687

monocytosis    0.653187

splenomegaly    0.651315

chylous    0.644217

macrocytosis    0.643486

paraprotein    0.641972

coccidioidal    0.637510

leukocytosis    0.636972

Top 30 analogous words or synonyms for pleocytosis

Article Example
Pleocytosis Pleocytosis is an increased cell count {Gk. "pleion" more}, particularly an increase in white blood cell (WBC) count, in a bodily fluid, such as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). It is often defined specifically as an increased WBC count in CSF.
Pleocytosis Increased white blood cell count in the blood is called leukocytosis.
Lymphocytic pleocytosis In Susac's syndrome, an autoimmune response damages the blood vessels of the brain, retina and cochlea, leading to a loss of neurological functions. Patients with the syndrome suffered from hearing and vision loss and were found to have higher concentrations of lymphocytes and proteins in their cerebrospinal fluid. Treatment with immunosuppressive drugs like prednisone followed by Azathioprine were found to have significant effects and patients gradually regained lost function, in some cases after only a few weeks.
Lymphocytic pleocytosis Cerebral spinal fluid lymphocytic pleocytosis is generally the result of an immune response to neurovascular inflammation. Many cases point to a viral infection as the root cause of pleocytosis, in which the immune system produces antibodies against neuronal and vascular antigens. This evidence possibly connects it to viral meningitis and Mollaret’s disease. Certain non-viral infections, such as Lyme disease have also been considered possible causes. In some diseases, an infection precipitates an autoimmune response, leading to increased lymphocyte levels.
Lymphocytic pleocytosis Research has found the presence of lymphocytic pleocytosis in the following diseases and documented their respective mechanisms and reactions:
Lymphocytic pleocytosis Lymphocytic pleocytosis is an abnormal increase in the amount of lymphocytes in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). It is usually considered to be a sign of infection or inflammation within the nervous system, and is encountered in a number of neurological diseases, such as pseudomigraine, Susac's syndrome, and encephalitis. While lymphocytes make up roughly a quarter of all white blood cells (WBC) in the body, they are generally rare in the CSF. Under normal conditions, there are usually less than 5 white blood cells per µL of CSF. In a pleocytic setting, the number of lymphocytes can jump to more than 1,000 cells per mm. Increases in lymphocyte count are often accompanied by an increase in cerebrospinal protein concentrations in addition to pleocytosis of other types of white blood cells.
Lymphocytic pleocytosis The presence of lymphocytic pleocytosis is generally detected through a lumbar puncture followed by clinical analysis of cerebrospinal fluid. When combined with analysis of the appearance and pressure of the tested CSF, along with measurements for the amount of glucose and proteins present, white blood cell counts can be used to detect or diagnose a number of diseases. Among these are subarachnoid hemorrhage, multiple sclerosis, and the various types of meningitis. While a lumbar puncture may return a WBC count within the normal range of 0-5 cells per µL, this does not rule out the possibility of a disease.
Lymphocytic pleocytosis A viral infection may also result in encephalitis triggered by an autoimmune response. The most ubiquitous form, anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis, is thought to be commonly initiated by herpes infections resulting in an autoimmune response to the NR1 subunit of the NMDA receptor. Lymphocytic pleocytosis is involved in the initial stages of the disease. During this period, lymphocytes can number in the hundreds per mm, while later on, lymphocyte levels have a tendency to return to equilibrium. It has been proposed that this early spike in lymphocytic concentration is the result of the breaching of the blood-brain barrier during the initial viral infection, giving peripheral antibodies access to the central nervous system and leading to the development of autoimmunity.
Lymphocytic pleocytosis Multiple studies have been performed to examine the correlation between pseudomigraines and lymphocytic pleocytosis. A pseudomigraine is characterized by a moderate or severe, throbbing headache accompanied by transient neurological symptoms and lymphocytic pleocytosis. These migraine episodes are recurrent and self-limiting. In these studies, individuals ranging from about 15–40 years of age were examined and the majority of those tested were male. After each migraine episode, the patients were all asymptomatic. When examined via EEG, CT, and MRI forms of imaging, the CT and MRI scans were all normal; however, 30 out of 42 patients had abnormal EEG scans. For 26 of these patients, there was unilateral excessive slowing while 4 of these patients experienced bilateral slowing. In another study, patients displayed an elevated level of lymphocytic pleocytosis with each pseudomigraine episode.
Lymphocytic pleocytosis The most appropriate method of returning lymphocyte counts to normal levels is to treat the disease responsible for their increase. For cases in which the root cause is a viral or bacterial infection, drugs that counteract these pathogens have been found to be effective. Since herpes infections often lead to pleocytosis, aciclovir and valacyclovir are commonly prescribed. When pleocytosis is the result of an autoimmune response, immunosuppressive drugs like prednisone can be used.