Top 10 similar words or synonyms for panoan

arawakan    0.858262

cariban    0.857850

maipurean    0.854136

chibchan    0.853157

barbacoan    0.848322

misumalpan    0.842952

tequistlatecan    0.834540

tupian    0.834428

baniwa    0.833703

maiduan    0.831536

Top 30 analogous words or synonyms for panoan

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Panoan languages Hundreds of other Panoan "languages" have been reported in the literature. These are names of groups that may have been ethnically Panoan, but whose language is unattested. They sometimes are assumed to be Panoan on no other evidence than that the name ends in "-nawa" or "-bo". A few, such as Maya (Pisabo), are unattested but reported to be mutually intelligible with a known Panoan language (in this case Matsés). The people speaking one of these supposed languages, Kontanawa, was rediscovered in 2002. However, no linguistic information is available, and it is not known if they speak a distinct language.
Panoan languages The Panoan family is generally believed to be related to the Tacanan family, forming with it Pano–Tacanan, though this has not yet been established (Loos 1999).
Panoan languages Exceptional to Panoan languages’ predominantly suffixal morphology are sets of approximately 30 morphemes primarily referring to parts or features of prototypical human and animal bodies (and, by analogical extension, of botanicals, manufactures, landscapes, and abstract space) which have been found to occur in almost all attested languages of the family (Fleck 2006: 59; Ferreira 2007, 2008; Amarante Ribeiro and Cândido 2008; Zariquiey and Fleck 2012: 385–386).
Panoan languages There are some 18 extant and 14 extinct Panoan languages. In the list, (†) means extinct, and (*) obsolescent (no longer spoken daily). Dialects are listed in parentheses.
Panoan languages Many Panoan body-part prefixes semantically encompass a range of denotata beyond the strictly 'corporeal' by means of analogical extension. In Matses, for example, the prefix "an-" corresponds to the nouns "ana" ‘mouth, tongue, palm (of hand), sole (of foot), (arm)pit’; "anmaëşh" ‘gill slits (of fish)’; and "anşhantuk" ‘swampy depression in the ground’; but can itself be glossed also as ‘cavity, concave surface, interior, underside’; and ‘center (of path of stream)’ (Fleck 2006: 64). In the examples below, the prefix "an-" with the verb root "kiad" ‘learn’ expresses the learning of a specifically ‘oral activity’ while the prefix "më-" ‘hand, mortar, forearm, wrist, projecting carpal bones, elbow, finger, knuckles, fingernail, branch’ expresses the learning of a specifically ‘manual’ one:
Panoan languages Due to the paucity of detailed studies of Panoan body-part prefixes, explanations of their grammaticalization remain largely speculative. Fleck has hypothesized that "Panoan (verb) prefixation evolved from past noun incorporation that co-existed with noun-noun and noun-adjective compounding that involved synchronic reduction of body-part roots" (2006: 92). In light of their analysis of Kashibo-Kakataibo prefixation, Zariquiey and Fleck present two diachronic scenarios to orient future comparative work: "(1) prefixation evolved from productive noun incorporation (prefixes have come from longer body-part nouns); or (2) Proto-Panoan body-part terms were monosyllabic forms that became bound, and most of the current body-part terms were later built up from these" (2012: 408).
Panoan languages Panoan (also Pánoan, Panoano, Panoana, Páno) is a family of languages spoken in Peru, western Brazil, and Bolivia. It is a branch of the larger Pano–Tacanan family.
Panoan languages Much of the confusion surrounding Panoan languages is the number of homonyms among different languages. The principal ambiguous names are as follows:
Panoan languages The following example illustrates how "an-" can express locative information in non-corporeal, topographical space:
Panoan languages Boundaries between the Poyanawa, Chama, and Headwaters groups are somewhat blurred. Karipuna and Môa River Nawa may not be distinct languages, and Chiriba may not be Panoan at all.