Top 10 similar words or synonyms for nulliparous

parous    0.914708

nonpregnant    0.864228

multiparous    0.843958

azoospermic    0.816511

prepubertal    0.802227

multigravida    0.797990

subfertile    0.793076

oophorectomized    0.784298

ovulating    0.772046

vasectomised    0.756897

Top 30 analogous words or synonyms for nulliparous

Article Example
Gravidity and parity A "nulliparous" () woman (a "nullipara" or "para 0") has never given birth.
IUD with copper While nulliparous women (women who have never given birth) are somewhat more likely to have side effects, this is not a contraindication for IUD use. Overall, IUDs are safe and acceptable also in young nulliparous women. The same is likely the case for virgin women, unless there is a microperforate hymen that obstructs any insertion of the IUD.
Estriol Although circulating levels of estriol are very low outside of pregnancy, parous women have higher levels of estriol than do nulliparous women.
IUD with copper Although previously not recommended for nulliparous women (women who have not had children), the IUD is now recommended for most women who are past menarche (their first period), including adolescents.
Cervical cap The only effectiveness trial of Lea's Shield was too small to determine method effectiveness. The actual pregnancy rate was 15% per year. Of the women in the trial, 85% were parous (had given birth). The study authors estimate that for nulliparous women (those who have never given birth) the pregnancy rate in typical use may be lower, around 5% per year.
Healthcare and the LGBT community Bisexual women are more likely to be nulliparous, overweight and obese, have higher smoking rates and alcohol drinking than heterosexual women, all risk factors for breast cancer. Bisexual men practicing receptive anal intercourse are at higher risk for anal cancer caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV).
Intrauterine device Substantial pain with insertion that needs active management occurs in approximately 17% of nulliparous women and approximately 11% of parous women. In such cases, NSAID are evidenced to be effective. However, no prophylactic analgesic drug have been found to be effective for routine use for women undergoing IUD insertion.
Cervical cap "Contraceptive Technology" reports that the method failure rate of the Prentif cervical cap with spermicide is 9% per year for nulliparous women (women who have never given birth), and 26% per year for parous women. The actual pregnancy rates among Prentif users vary depending on the population being studied, with yearly rates of 11% to 32% being reported.
Sexual swelling Wrangham proposed the cost-of-sexual-attraction hypothesis as a result of comparing the number of sexual cycles between conceptions that are experienced by both parous and nulliparous female chimpanzees, as well as parous western and eastern chimpanzees ("Pan troglodytes verus" and "Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii"), and the size of the sexual swellings that came with these differences"." Through observing these groups in both species, he suggested that two factors are most important in determining how obviously a female displays the ovulatory stage in her cycle: the level of scramble competition that exists between the females of the group for resources such as food; and the difference in travelling costs for parous and nulliparous females.
Gravidity and parity A woman who has never carried a pregnancy beyond 20 weeks is "nulliparous", and is called a "nullipara" or "para 0". A woman who has given birth once before is "primiparous", and is referred to as a "primipara" or "primip"; moreover, a woman who has given birth two or more times is "multiparous" and is called a "multip". Finally, "grand multipara" describes the condition of having given birth three or more times.