Top 10 similar words or synonyms for mythology

mythological    0.824681

mythical    0.755929

folklore    0.735696

mythologies    0.718856

myths    0.711812

myth    0.694395

mythic    0.682879

lore    0.681458

folktales    0.648169

folktale    0.635875

Top 30 analogous words or synonyms for mythology

Article Example
Mythology The study of myth began in ancient history. Rival classes of the Greek myths by Euhemerus, Plato and Sallustius were developed by the Neoplatonists and later revived by Renaissance mythographers. The nineteenth-century comparative mythology reinterpreted myth as a primitive and failed counterpart of science (Tylor), a "disease of language" (Müller), or a misinterpretation of magical ritual (Frazer).
Mythology The term "mythology" predates the word "myth" by centuries. It first appeared in the fifteenth-century, borrowed from the Middle French term "mythologie". The word "mythology", ("exposition of myths"), comes from Middle French "mythologie", from Late Latin "mythologia", from Greek μυθολογία "mythología" ("legendary lore, a telling of mythic legends; a legend, story, tale") from μῦθος "mythos" ("myth") and -λογία "-logia" ("study"). Both terms translated the subject of Latin author Fulgentius' fifth-century "Mythologiæ", which was concerned with the explication of Greek and Roman stories about their gods, commonly referred to as classical mythology. Although Fulgentius' conflation with the contemporary African Saint Fulgentius is now questioned, the "Mythologiæ" explicitly treated its subject matter as allegories requiring interpretation and not as true events.
Mythology The word "mythología" [] appears in Plato, but was used as a general term for "fiction" or "story-telling" of any kind, combining "mỹthos" [, "narrative, fiction"] and "-logía" [, "discourse, able to speak about"]. From Lydgate until the seventeenth or eighteenth-century, "mythology" was similarly used to mean a moral, fable, allegory or a parable. From its earliest use in reference to a collection of traditional stories or beliefs, mythology implied the falsehood of the stories being described. It came to be applied by analogy with similar bodies of traditional stories among other polytheistic cultures around the world. The Greek loanword "mythos" (pl. "mythoi") and Latinate "mythus" (pl. "mythi") both appeared in English before the first example of "myth" in 1830.
Mythology Some theories propose that myths began as allegories for natural phenomena: Apollo represents the sun, Poseidon represents water, and so on. According to another theory, myths began as allegories for philosophical or spiritual concepts: Athena represents wise judgment, Aphrodite desire, and so on. Müller supported an allegorical theory of myth. He believed myths began as allegorical descriptions of nature and gradually came to be interpreted literally. For example, a poetic description of the sea as "raging" was eventually taken literally and the sea was then thought of as a raging god.
Mythology Some thinkers claimed that myths result from the personification of inanimate objects and forces. According to these thinkers, the ancients worshiped natural phenomena, such as fire and air, gradually deifying them. For example, according to this theory, ancients tended to view things as gods, not as mere objects. Thus, they described natural events as acts of personal gods, giving rise to myths.
Mythology According to the myth-ritual theory, myth is tied to ritual. In its most extreme form, this theory claims myths arose to explain rituals. This claim was first put forward by Smith, who claimed that people begin performing rituals for reasons not related to myth. Forgetting the original reason for a ritual, they account for it by inventing a myth and claiming the ritual commemorates the events described in that myth. Frazer claimed that humans started out with a belief in magical laws. Later, they began to lose faith in magic and invented myths about gods, claiming that their rituals were religious rituals intended to appease the gods.
Mythology Eliade argued that one of the foremost functions of myth is to establish models for behavior and that myths may provide a religious experience. By telling or reenacting myths, members of traditional societies detach themselves from the present, returning to the mythical age, thereby coming closer to the divine.
Mythology The critical interpretation of myth began with the Presocratics. Euhemerus was one of the most important pre-modern mythologists. He interpreted myths as accounts of actual historical events - distorted over many retellings. Sallustius divided myths into five categories – theological, physical (or concerning natural laws), animistic (or concerning soul), material, and mixed. Mixed concerns myths that show the interaction between two or more of the previous categories and are particularly used in initiations.
Mythology For example, Tylor interpreted myth as an attempt at a literal explanation for natural phenomena. Unable to conceive impersonal natural laws, early humans tried to explain natural phenomena by attributing souls to inanimate objects, giving rise to animism. According to Tylor, human thought evolved through stages, starting with mythological ideas and gradually progressing to scientific ideas. Not all scholars, not even all nineteenth-century scholars, accepted this view. Lévy-Bruhl claimed "the primitive mentality is a condition of the human mind, and not a stage in its historical development."
Mythology Segal asserted that by pitting mythical thought against modern scientific thought, such theories imply modern humans must abandon myth.