Top 10 similar words or synonyms for hybridisations

hybidization    0.715571

hybridizations    0.694755

hybrization    0.690580

zooblot    0.680710

mlpa    0.677924

rtpcr    0.677650

hybridiztion    0.667249

acgh    0.666676

microarry    0.663495

arraycgh    0.662158

Top 30 analogous words or synonyms for hybridisations

Article Example
Plastid In normal intraspecific crossings (resulting in normal hybrids of one species), the inheritance of plastid DNA appears to be quite strictly 100% uniparental. In interspecific hybridisations, however, the inheritance of plastids appears to be more erratic. Although plastids inherit mainly maternally in interspecific hybridisations, there are many reports of hybrids of flowering plants that contain plastids of the father.
Hybridogenesis in water frogs The hybrid populations are propagated, however, not by the above primary hybridisations, but predominantly by backcrosses with one of the parental species they coexist (live in sympatry) with (see below in the middle).
PSL Research University The cultural transfers theory challenges the existence of nations, ethnic groups, civilisations, languages or national cultures. Translations, circulations, hybridisations are considered elements intrinsic to any culture. In a similar fashion, the idea of interfaces is a challenge to the traditional understanding knowledge and underlines the habit science has to develop at the crossroads between established disciplines.
Abate Fetel Originary of France, it was obtained by the abbot Fetel – hence the name – who started working on it in 1865, when he was the priest of Chessy, Rhône, and using several local cultivars as a starting point. Fetel was later transferred to Charentay, where he continued his hybridisations, ultimately obtaining the 'Abate Fetel' after a few years.
Hybridogenesis in water frogs Distribution of these phenotypes don't reflect exactly typical matting patterns. Mitochondria along with the mtDNA are inherited exclusively from the female. Since the primary hybridisations producing "P." kl. "esculentus" occur between "P. ridibundus" females (large) and "P. lessonae" males (small) and later are maintained through backcrosses "P." kl. "esculentus" females with "P. lessonae" males (L–E system), the expected mtDNA phenotype of "P." kl. "esculentus" would be the phenotype of "P. ridibundus". This unexpected phenotype distribution might be explained in such a way that most of "P." kl. "esculentus" lineages might go through at least one backcross between "P." kl. "esculentus" male with "P. lessonae" female. And such phenotype pattern suggests, that primary hybridisations are rare.
Orbital hybridisation Although ideal hybrid orbitals can be useful, in reality most bonds require orbitals of intermediate character. This requires an extension to include flexible weightings of atomic orbitals of each type (s, p, d) and allows for a quantitative depiction of bond formation when the molecular geometry deviates from ideal bond angles. The amount of p-character is not restricted to integer values; i.e., hybridisations like sp are also readily described.
Donald I. Williamson According to Williamson, these successful hybridisations would most likely occur in organisms with external fertilisation or male gamete dispersal. He acknowledges in his work "Larvae and Evolution" to have borrowed the idea of hybridogenesis from the well-known process of interspecific hybridisation that take place in plants. Hybrid plants generated from phylogenetically distant species can often give rise to new species if the hybrids become reproductively isolated from the progenitor populations.
Carbon–carbon bond A carbon–carbon bond is a covalent bond between two carbon atoms. The most common form is the single bond: a bond composed of two electrons, one from each of the two atoms. The carbon–carbon single bond is a sigma bond and is formed between one hybridized orbital from each of the carbon atoms. In ethane, the orbitals are sp-hybridized orbitals, but single bonds formed between carbon atoms with other hybridisations do occur (e.g. sp to sp). In fact, the carbon atoms in the single bond need not be of the same hybridisation. Carbon atoms can also form double bonds in compounds called alkenes or triple bonds in compounds called alkynes. A double bond is formed with an sp-hybridized orbital and a p-orbital that isn't involved in the hybridization. A triple bond is formed with an sp-hybridized orbital and two p-orbitals from each atom. The use of the p-orbitals forms a pi bond.
Jahn–Teller effect The most iconic and prominent of the JT systems in coordination chemistry is probably the case of Cu(II) octahedral complexes. While in perfectly equivalent coordination, like a CuF complex associated to a Cu(II) impurity in a cubic crystal like KMgF, perfect octahedral (O) symmetry is expected. In fact a lower tetragonal symmetry is usually found experimentally. The origin of this JTE distortion it revealed by examining the electronic configuration of the undistorted complex. For an octahedral geometry, the five 3d orbitals partition into t and e orbitals (see diagram). These orbitals are occupied by nine electrons corresponding to the formula_21 electronic configuration of Cu(II). Thus, the t shell is filled, and the e shell contains 3 electrons. Overall the unpaired electron produces a E state, which is Jahn–Teller active. The third electron can occupy either of the orbitals comprising the e shell: the mainly formula_4 orbital or the mainly formula_5 orbital. If the electron occupies the mainly formula_4 level, which antibonding orbital the final geometry of the complex would be elongated as the axial ligands will be pushed away to reduce the global energy of the system. On the other hand, if the electron went into the mainly formula_5 antibonding orbital the complex would distort into a compressed geometry. Experimentally elongated geometries are overwhelmingly observed and this fact has been attributed both to metal-ligand anharmonic interactions and 3d-4s hybridisations. Given that all the directions containing a fourfold axis are equivalent the distortion is equally likely to happen in any of these orientations. From the electronic point of view this means that the formula_4 and formula_5 orbitals, that are degenerate and free to hybridise in the octahedral geometry, will mix to produce appropriate equivalent orbitals in each direction like formula_28 or formula_29.