Top 10 similar words or synonyms for cosmologies

atomists    0.726544

cosmogony    0.723046

pantheism    0.711074

cosmology    0.708776

esotericism    0.702695

atomism    0.699225

mythologies    0.697495

gnosticism    0.694416

dualisms    0.692441

epistemologists    0.684201

Top 30 analogous words or synonyms for cosmologies

Article Example
Creationist cosmologies A 6,000-year-old Universe contradicts the evidence from a range of sciences that the Earth is four and a half billion years old. Old Earth creationists accept that the Earth is old, while (mostly) still holding the events of Genesis 1 to be historical. In the late 19th century, old Earth cosmologies dominated, and few Christian apologists did not accommodate scientific geology and paleontology (the study of fossils) by interpreting vast ages for Earth history within the biblical "days" (day-age creationism) or else separating Genesis into two creations, one "in the beginning" and a second Edenic creation in six days. (It is implausible that the authors of Genesis intended the "creation week" to be understood in this way: the "days" are parts of a week, "evening" and "morning" are emphasised, and in any case the order of events conflicts with science, having trees appearing before marine creatures and the first morning and evening before the sun and moon are created.)
Creationist cosmologies The young Earth creationist website Creation in Genesis dismisses the Big Bang as "entirely fiction", "nothing more than an attempt by men ... to try and explain how they think we might have been created without a Creator."
Creationist cosmologies One of the most common creationist criticisms of the Big Bang concerns the horizon problem and supposed problems with the inflationary theory of the early Universe. Creationists have claimed that dark matter and dark energy are doubtful concepts invented by Big Bang theorists in order to uphold the theory. Creationists also point to the Baryon asymmetry problem, i.e., that the big bang is expected to have produced equal amounts of matter and antimatter.
Creationist cosmologies Young Earth creationists interpret the six days as six 24-hour periods; old Earth creationists allow for millions or even billions of years within the "creation week". Both regard the Genesis story as history, rather than the scholarly consensus of "creation myth"; both conflate the creation of the Earth and the Universe, (i.e. they hold that the two are equally old and were created together).
Creationist cosmologies Cosmology is the study of the origin, evolution and ultimate fate of the Universe. Scientific cosmology uses the scientific method, which means forming theories or hypotheses which make specific predictions that can be tested with observations; depending on the outcome of the observations, the theories will be abandoned, revised or extended to accommodate the data. The scientific model of the origin and evolution of our Universe is the Big Bang. The Bang was not like a conventional explosion, in which fragments of a bomb are thrown outwards, but rather was an explosion of space within itself; all the matter and energy of the Universe had been contained in a single point, and at the Bang all of the particles of the embryonic Universe began rushing away from each other. The "bang" occurred approximately 13.8 billion years ago, which is thus the age of the Universe.
Creationist cosmologies The age of the Earth is one of the most polarizing issues within the evangelical Christian community today. Young Earth creationists hold that the world is no older than about 10,000 years - a belief apparently shared by 47% of Americans and taught in 10% of American colleges. This is based on the comprehensive chronology built into the Old Testament, rather than on the six days of creation (the belief that creation took place over six days does not automatically lead to a 10,000-year-old Earth). The creationist website Answers in Genesis, for example, has an outline of world history from an Old Testament perspective in which the period from Abraham to Jesus is listed as "approximately 1992 years"; this period, plus the 2,000 years from Christ to the modern day, "is not in question," and the debate focuses on the centuries-long lifespans of Methusaleh and other figures from Genesis 1-11. This approach has a deep history in Christian thought: prior to the mid-18th century, the age of the Earth was calculated partly or wholly on the basis of the bible and religious theory. Using these methods, the 17th century scholar Archbishop Ussher arrived at the conclusion that the Earth was created in 4004 BC, exactly four thousand years before the birth of Christ, giving the Universe an age of some six thousand years. Ussher's date was still being printed as a marginal note in many bibles until the early part of the 20th century.
Creationist cosmologies For many centuries, The Geocentric model, a description of the cosmos which posited Earth as the center of all celestial bodies, was widely accepted by a variety of different civilizations. The Geocentric model was developed primarily by Greek philosopher Aristotle and Greco-Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy. The Geocentric Model was challenged by clergyman astronomer and mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus in his book "De revolutionibus orbium coelestium" published in 1543. Copernicus' astronomical model Copernican heliocentrism, led to the development and general acceptance of the Copernican principle in the majority of succeeding astronomical models. The case for the Copernicus principle was further bolstered early in the 20th century, by the discovery that the Solar System is far from the center of the Milky Way.
Creationist cosmologies The biblical cosmology is that of the ancient Near East: a flat Earth, heavens above, and the underworld below. Surrounding this were the "waters of chaos", the cosmic sea, home to mythic monsters defeated and slain by God (Exodus 20:4 warns against making an image "of anything that is in the waters under the Earth"). There were waters above the Earth, and so the solid bowl-shaped firmament of the second day was necessary to keep them from flooding the world. Young Earth creationists deny this, and hold that the bible describes a spherical Earth hanging in empty space, and most teach that the Earth goes round the sun (although the Association for Biblical Astronomy holds that the Earth is stationary and the sun moves around it). This is the standard modern scientific picture of the cosmos, but its elements are comparatively recent - the fact that the Earth circles the sun, for example, was only established in the 16th century, and the existence of separate galaxies not bound to our own was confirmed only in the 1920s. Creationist cosmologies thus credit the biblical authors with cosmological knowledge well in advance of their contemporaries in the ancient world.
Creationist cosmologies One of the largest problems facing the young Earth creationist theory is the starlight problem, which runs as follows: (1) there are galaxies billions of light-years from Earth, meaning it would take light from their stars billions of years to reach us; (2) we can see these galaxies, so their starlight has already arrived; (3) therefore the Universe must be billions of years old. Alternative explanations are advanced by young Earth supporters. One is that God created starlight when he created the Universe six thousand years ago and the age of distant starlight is skewed because the Bible refers to God stretching the Universe (e.g. Isaiah 51:13.) Those who do not accept the biblical explanation of God stretching the Universe consider the age of distant starlight as deceptive and the explanation is not entirely satisfactory, as the first implies a God who deceives. A second, posed by Barry Setterfield, that the speed of light was faster in the past than it is now (the theory is called C-decay, from the cosmological symbol C representing the speed of light). Setterfield's theory, however, would produce consequences which have not been observed, and has been refuted by other creationists such as Russell Humphreys.
Creationist cosmologies But even within the Milky Way, there are distances of tens of thousands of light-years, and in the Local Group of nearby galaxies many are measured in hundreds of thousands to millions of light-years.